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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Production of interleukin (IL)-10 and IL-12 by murine colonic dendritic cells in response to microbial stimuli.

Intestinal dendritic cells (DC) are likely to regulate immunity to gut microflora, but little is known about their responses to bacterial antigens. Therefore, DC from normal murine colon were characterized and their cytokine responses to components of Gram-negative and/or Gram-positive bacteria assessed. Cells were obtained by digestion of colonic tissue and contained DC that were identified by flow cytometry as CD11c(+) major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II(+) cells. Purified DC were obtained by immunomagnetic separation plus cell sorting. DC had the morphology of immature myeloid cells, were endocytically active, expressed low levels of co-stimulatory molecules and stimulated a weak allogeneic mixed leucocyte reaction. Analysis of flow cytometry data by a sensitive subtraction method allowed measurement of production of interleukin (IL)-12 and IL-10 by small numbers of gut DC by intracellular staining. Fewer than 5% of unstimulated DC produced either IL-10 or IL-12. IL-10 production was significantly up-regulated following stimulation with Bifidobacteria longum, but not after exposure to lipopolysaccharide (LPS) or Streptococcus faecium. In contrast, colonic DC produced IL-12 in response to both LPS and B.longum. Thus, colonic DC can produce both IL-12 and IL-10 following bacterial stimulation. Cell wall components from different bacteria stimulate distinct responses and may direct immune responses differentially in the gut.[1]


  1. Production of interleukin (IL)-10 and IL-12 by murine colonic dendritic cells in response to microbial stimuli. Rigby, R.J., Knight, S.C., Kamm, M.A., Stagg, A.J. Clin. Exp. Immunol. (2005) [Pubmed]
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