The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Regulation of the Cyp2a5 gene involves an aryl hydrocarbon receptor-dependent pathway.

We have investigated the role of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) in the regulation of the Cyp2a5 gene. The C57BL/6 and DBA/2 mouse strains with a genetically determined difference in AHR function were used to study the CYP2A5 induction by typical AHR ligands, 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) and 3-methylcholanthrene. The CYP2A5 mRNA up-regulation in these mouse strains showed a difference in response, typical for AHR-regulated genes, both by TCDD in cultured primary hepatocytes and by 3-methylcholanthrene in vivo. In primary hepatocytes, TCDD caused a 3-fold elevation of the CYP2A5 protein level and a similar induction of the CYP2A5-catalyzed coumarin 7-hydroxylation activity. In reporter gene assays, the Cyp2a5 promoter region -3033 to +10 mediated a 2- to 5-fold induction of luciferase activity by TCDD treatment in primary hepatocytes and in Hepa-1 hepatoma cells with an intact AHR/AHR nuclear translocator (ARNT) complex. In Hepa-1 variant cell lines with deficiencies in the AHR/ARNT complex, the absence of ARNT abolished the induction. A putative AHR response element (XRE) was identified in the Cyp2a5 promoter at the position -2514 to -2492 and found to interact with the AHR/ARNT heterodimer. Transfection experiments combined with mutation of the XRE site indicated that the site partly mediates the TCDD induction of Cyp2a5. An additional AHR-dependent mechanism also regulates the proximal promoter of the Cyp2a5 gene. In conclusion, our studies showed that AHR ligands up-regulate Cyp2a5 transcriptionally by an AHR/ARNT-dependent mechanism and established Cyp2a5 as a novel AHR-regulated gene.[1]


  1. Regulation of the Cyp2a5 gene involves an aryl hydrocarbon receptor-dependent pathway. Arpiainen, S., Raffalli-Mathieu, F., Lang, M.A., Pelkonen, O., Hakkola, J. Mol. Pharmacol. (2005) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities