The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Erythropoietin after focal cerebral ischemia activates the Janus kinase-signal transducer and activator of transcription signaling pathway and improves brain injury in postnatal day 7 rats.

Erythropoietin (Epo) plays a central role in erythropoiesis but also has neuroprotective properties. Recently, Epo-related neuroprotective studies used a hypoxic-ischemic neonatal model, which is different from focal stroke, a frequent cause of neonatal brain injury. We report on the effects of Epo treatment given after focal stroke and its potential neuroprotective mechanisms in postnatal day 7 rats with focal cerebral ischemia (FCI) achieved by occlusion of the middle cerebral artery. The experimental groups included sham operation, FCI plus vehicle, and FCI plus Epo. In the Epo-treated group, pups received a single intraperitoneal injection of 1000 U/kg 15 min after FCI or three injections of 100, 1000, or 5000 U/kg, starting at 15 min and repeated at 1 and 2 d after FCI. Epo treatment produced significant reductions in the mean infarct area and volume at 1 and 3 d after FCI, demonstrated by 2,3,5-triphenyltetrazolium chloride staining. Terminal deoxynucleotidyltransferase-mediated 2'-deoxyuridine 5'-triphosphate-biotin nick end labeling (TUNEL) staining showed a markedly reduced number of TUNEL-positive cells in the Epo-treated group when compared with the vehicle control 3 d after FCI (p<0.01). The most effective dose after FCI was 1000 U/kg for 3 d. Immunoanalyses showed that Epo induced a significant increase in phosphorylated Janus kinase 2 and signal transducer and activator of transcription-5 expressions at 1 and 3 d and up-regulated Bcl-xL expression by 24 h after FCI but did not affect Epo receptor or NF-kappaB expression. In conclusion, Epo given after FCI in neonatal rats provides significant neuroprotection, mediated possibly by activation of the Janus kinase-signal transducer and activator of transcription-Bcl-xL signaling pathways.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities