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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Hypotensive and lipid regulatory actions of 4-hydroxyderricin, a chalcone from Angelica keiskei, in stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats.

1. Previously, we found that Angelica keiskei extract (ethyl acetate extract from the yellow liquid of stems) elevated serum high-density lipoprotein (HDL) levels and reduced liver triglyceride content in stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRSP). To identify the active substance in A. keiskei extract, we examined the effect of 4-hydroxyderricin, a characteristic chalcone isolated from the yellow liquid of stems, on blood pressure and lipid metabolism in SHRSP. 2. Six-week-old male SHRSP were fed diets containing 0.07% 4-hydroxyderricin for 7 weeks with free access to the diet and water. Elevation of systolic blood pressure was significantly suppressed after 7 weeks treatment. Serum very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) levels were significantly reduced, without any effect on HDL levels, and were associated with a significant decrease in the serum concentration of free fatty acids. 3. In the liver, significant decreases in relative liver weight and triglyceride content were found after treatment with 4-hydroxyderricin for 7 weeks. 4. An investigation of hepatic mRNA expression of proteins involved in lipid metabolism indicated that a significant decrease in microsomal triglyceride transferprotein may be responsible for the decrease in serum VLDL levels and that significant decreases in adipocyte determination and differentiation factor 1 and fatty acid synthase may be responsible for the decrease in hepatic triglyceride content. 5. In conclusion, dietary 4-hydroxyderricin produces suppression of the elevation of systolic blood pressure, reduction of serum VLDL levels and a decrease in hepatic triglyceride content in SHRSP.[1]


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