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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

ADAMTS1 proteinase is up-regulated in wounded skin and regulates migration of fibroblasts and endothelial cells.

The metalloproteinase ADAMTS1 (a disintegrin and metalloproteinase with thrombospondin motifs) is induced under inflammatory conditions, and it is also a potent inhibitor of angiogenesis. Due to these properties, we speculated about the role of ADAMTS1 in cutaneous wound repair. Here we have shown up-regulation of ADAMTS1 expression in wounds of normal and particularly of healing-impaired genetically diabetic mice. Immunofluorescence staining identified macrophages as the source of ADAMTS1 in early wounds, whereas keratinocytes and fibroblasts produce this protein at later stages of wound healing. The distribution of ADAMTS1 in the normal and wounded epidermis, its regulation in cultured keratinocytes, as well as the skin phenotype of ADAMTS1 knock-out mice suggests a role of this metalloproteinase in keratinocyte differentiation. Furthermore, we provide evidence for a novel dual function of ADAMTS1 in fibroblast migration; although low concentrations of this protein stimulate fibroblast migration via its proteolytic activity, high concentrations inhibit this process because of binding to fibroblast growth factor-2 and subsequent inhibition of its promotogenic activity. Similar effects were also observed with endothelial cells. Taken together, our results suggest a role of ADAMTS1 in keratinocyte differentiation and migration of fibroblasts and endothelial cells in healing skin wounds.[1]

References

  1. ADAMTS1 proteinase is up-regulated in wounded skin and regulates migration of fibroblasts and endothelial cells. Krampert, M., Kuenzle, S., Thai, S.N., Lee, N., Iruela-Arispe, M.L., Werner, S. J. Biol. Chem. (2005) [Pubmed]
 
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