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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Gene regulatory potential of nonsteroidal vitamin D receptor ligands.

The seco-steroid 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [1alpha,25(OH)2D3] is a promising drug candidate due to its pleiotropic function including the regulation of calcium homeostasis, bone mineralization and cellular proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis. We report here a novel class of nonsteroidal compounds, represented by the bis-aromatic molecules CD4409, CD4420, and CD4528, as ligands of the 1alpha,25(OH)2D3 receptor ( VDR). Taking the known diphenylmethane derivative LG190178 as a reference, this study provides molecular evaluation of the interaction of nonsteroidal ligands with the VDR. All four nonsteroidal compounds were shown to induce VDR-retinoid X receptor heterodimer complex formation on a 1alpha,25(OH)2D3 response element, stabilize the agonistic conformation of the VDR ligand-binding domain, enable the interaction of VDR with coactivator proteins and contact with their three hydroxyl groups the same residues within the ligand-binding pocket of the VDR as 1alpha,25(OH)2D3. Molecular dynamics simulations demonstrated that all four nonsteroidal ligands take a shape within the ligand-binding pocket of the VDR that is very similar to that of the natural ligand. CD4528 is mimicking the natural hormone best and was found to be in vitro at least five times more potent than LG190178. In living cells, CD4528 was only two times less potent than 1alpha,25(OH)2D3 and induced mRNA expression of the VDR target gene CYP24 in a comparable fashion. At a noncalcemic dose of 150 microg/kg, CD4528 showed in vivo a clear induction of CYP24 expression and therefore may be used as a lead compound for the development of therapeutics against psoriasis, osteoporosis, and cancer.[1]


  1. Gene regulatory potential of nonsteroidal vitamin D receptor ligands. Peräkylä, M., Malinen, M., Herzig, K.H., Carlberg, C. Mol. Endocrinol. (2005) [Pubmed]
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