The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Increased sensitivity of striatal dopamine release to H2O2 upon chronic rotenone treatment.

It is believed that both mitochondrial dysfunction and oxidative stress play important roles in the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease (PD). We studied the effect of chronic systemic exposure to the mitochondrial inhibitor rotenone on the uptake, content, and release of striatal neurotransmitters upon neuronal activity and oxidative stress, the latter simulated by H(2)O(2) perfusion. The dopamine content in the rat striatum is decreased simultaneously with the progressive loss of tyrosine hydroxylase ( TH) immunoreactivity in response to chronic intravenous rotenone infusion. However, surviving dopaminergic neurons take up and release only a slightly lower amount of dopamine (DA) in response to electrical stimulation. Striatal dopaminergic neurons showed increased susceptibility to oxidative stress by H(2)O(2), responding with enhanced release of DA and with formation of an unidentified metabolite, which is most likely the toxic dopamine quinone (DAQ). In contrast, the uptake of [(3)H]choline and the electrically induced release of acetylcholine increased, in coincidence with a decline in its D(2) receptor-mediated dopaminergic control. Thus, oxidative stress-induced dysregulation of DA release/uptake based on a mitochondrial deficit might underlie the selective vulnerability of dopaminergic transmission in PD, causing a self-amplifying production of reactive oxygen species, and thereby contributing to the progressive degeneration of dopaminergic neurons.[1]


  1. Increased sensitivity of striatal dopamine release to H2O2 upon chronic rotenone treatment. Milusheva, E., Baranyi, M., Kittel, A., Sperlágh, B., Vizi, E.S. Free Radic. Biol. Med. (2005) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities