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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 

Towards gene therapy in prosthesis loosening: efficient killing of interface cells by gene-directed enzyme prodrug therapy with nitroreductase and the prodrug CB1954.

BACKGROUND: Loosening is a major complication in prosthesis surgery. To stabilize loosened orthopedic implants, the interface tissue surrounding the implant must be removed. As an alternative to manual removal, we explored the possibility of removing the tissue by gene-directed enzyme prodrug therapy. In the current study we investigated whether interface cells can be transduced by an HAdV-5 vector carrying the E.coli-derived nitroreductase gene and sensitized to the prodrug CB1954. METHODS: The gene transfer efficiency into cultures of diploid human interface cells was tested by exposing these cells to various concentrations of Ad.CMV.LacZ. Subsequently, we studied the susceptibility of cells to the NTR/CB1954 combination. RESULTS: X-gal staining of the Ad.CMV.LacZ-transduced cell cultures revealed that, at 200 plaque-forming units (pfu)/cell, 74% of the cells expressed the LacZ gene. Infection with an NTR construct in interface cell lines resulted in a 60-fold sensitization to the prodrug CB1954. In addition we observed that iotrolan (Isovist) contrast medium had no effect on viability of the cells. However, the presence of the contrast medium completely inhibited adenovirus-mediated gene transfer. CONCLUSIONS: From these data we conclude that HAdV-5-based vectors carrying nitroreductase can be used to sensitize interface tissue. Instead of contrast medium the clinical protocol will use an alternative visualization procedure.[1]

References

  1. Towards gene therapy in prosthesis loosening: efficient killing of interface cells by gene-directed enzyme prodrug therapy with nitroreductase and the prodrug CB1954. de Poorter, J.J., Tolboom, T.C., Rabelink, M.J., Pieterman, E., Hoeben, R.C., Nelissen, R.G., Huizinga, T.W. The journal of gene medicine. (2005) [Pubmed]
 
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