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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Morphine-induced changes in the activity of proopiomelanocortin and prodynorphin systems in zymosan-induced peritonitis in mice.

We have shown that supplementation of proinflammatory agent with a high dose of morphine not only abolishes inflammation-related pain symptoms but also inhibits influx of leukocytes to the inflamed peritoneal cavity. Present investigations focused on effects of morphine on proopiomelanocortin and prodynorphin systems during zymosan-induced peritonitis. Males of SWISS mice were ip injected with zymosan (Z, 40 mg/kg) or zymosan with morphine (ZM, 20 mg/kg). At time 0 (controls) and 4 and 24h after stimulation, peritoneal leukocytes (PTLs) were counted, PTL levels of opioid peptides (beta-endorphin and dynorphin) measured by radioimmunoassays, while mRNAs coding their respective precursors (POMC and PDYN) and receptors (MOR and KOR) determined by QRT-PCR. Influx of inflammatory PTLs, mainly PMNs, was significantly delayed by morphine co-injection. Total levels of beta-endorphin and dynorphin corresponded with PTL numbers, while levels per cell were similar in all groups except of beta-endorphin, decreased in ZM at 4h. Levels of both peptides in peritoneal fluid were increased in Z and ZM groups at 4h, while at 24h only in case of beta-endorphin in Z group. POMC was increased only in ZM group at 4h of peritonitis, while PDYN in both Z and ZM groups at the same time. MOR mRNA was increased 24h after injection in Z and ZM groups, while KOR mRNA was similar in all groups except of decrease in Z at 24h. In conclusion, endogenous opioids and their receptors are involved in zymosan-induced peritonitis and affected in various ways by morphine co-injection.[1]


  1. Morphine-induced changes in the activity of proopiomelanocortin and prodynorphin systems in zymosan-induced peritonitis in mice. Chadzinska, M., Starowicz, K., Scislowska-Czarnecka, A., Bilecki, W., Pierzchala-Koziec, K., Przewlocki, R., Przewlocka, B., Plytycz, B. Immunol. Lett. (2005) [Pubmed]
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