The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Ribozyme-targeting reveals the rate-limiting role of pleiotrophin in glioblastoma.

Glioblastomas (GBMs) are the most frequent malignant brain tumors with very limited treatment options and nearly all GBM patients dying within 1 year. Pleiotrophin ( PTN, HB-GAM, HBNF, OSF-1) is a secreted growth factor that shows mitogenic, chemotactic and transforming activity. While PTN expression is tightly regulated during embryogenesis and very limited in normal adult tissues, a marked PTN upregulation is seen in tumors including glioblastomas. Targeting of the PTN receptors, ALK and RPTP-zeta, indicates a contribution of PTN-activated signaling pathways in glioblastomas. However, the relevance of PTN expression itself is unknown especially since, besides PTN, at least one more growth factor, midkine ( MK), signals through ALK and is expressed in glioblastoma. Here we demonstrate the biologic relevance of PTN in 2 glioblastoma cell lines in vitro and in vivo. We show that stable ribozyme-targeting leads to a robust reduction of PTN mRNA and protein levels. This results in decreased cell proliferation, cell migration and soft agar colony formation in vitro. Comparing clonal ribozyme-transfected cells with different residual PTN levels, we establish a PTN gene-dose effect of glioblastoma cell proliferation. In a subcutaneous tumor xenograft mouse model, in vivo growth is markedly reduced upon PTN depletion, which is paralleled by decreased PTN serum levels. Furthermore, the immunohistochemical analysis of the tumors shows reduced angiogenesis in PTN-depleted tumors. We conclude that PTN is a rate-limiting growth factor in glioblastoma. Since PTN is overexpressed in glioblastomas but rarely found in normal tissue, PTN may represent an attractive therapeutic target.[1]


  1. Ribozyme-targeting reveals the rate-limiting role of pleiotrophin in glioblastoma. Grzelinski, M., Bader, N., Czubayko, F., Aigner, A. Int. J. Cancer (2005) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities