The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Distinct roles for the NF-kappaB1 and c-Rel transcription factors in the differentiation and survival of plasmacytoid and conventional dendritic cells activated by TLR-9 signals.

Reticuloendotheliosis viral oncogene homolog/nuclear factor of kappa light polypeptide gene enhancer in B cells 1 (Rel/NF-kappaB) activation is a ubiquitous outcome of engaging Toll-like receptors (TLRs), yet the cell-type-specific functions of this pathway in response to particular microbial signals remain poorly defined. Here we show that NF-kappaB1 and C-Rel, Rel/NF-kappaB proteins induced in conventional dendritic cells (cDCs) and plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs) by cytosine-phosphate-guanosine (CpG) DNA, a TLR-9 ligand, serve markedly different functions in these DC subsets. With the exception of impaired interleukin-12 (IL-12) production, cultured Nfkb1(-/-)C-Rel(-/-) cDCs responded relatively normally to CpG DNA. In contrast, CpG-treated Nfkb1(-/-)C-Rel(-/-) pDCs, which were still able to produce type I interferon and regulated on activation normal T-cell expressed and secreted (RANTES), but not IL-6 or IL-12, failed to acquire an activated dendritic phenotype and underwent apoptosis. Although the TLR-9-mediated death of Nfkb1(-/-)C-Rel(-/-) pDCs, which coincided with a failure to up-regulate the prosurvival proteins B-cell lymphoma apoptosis regulator xL (Bcl-x(L)) and A1, was blocked by Bcl-2 transgene expression, this inhibition of apoptosis still failed to rescue the differentiation defects. This indicated that these NF-kappaB transcription factors independently regulate TLR-9-mediated pDC morphogenesis and survival. Collectively, these findings establish that NF-kappaB1 and c-Rel, while largely dispensable for TLR-9-induced cDC activation, are critical for regulating differentiation and survival programs during pDC activation.[1]

References

  1. Distinct roles for the NF-kappaB1 and c-Rel transcription factors in the differentiation and survival of plasmacytoid and conventional dendritic cells activated by TLR-9 signals. O'Keeffe, M., Grumont, R.J., Hochrein, H., Fuchsberger, M., Gugasyan, R., Vremec, D., Shortman, K., Gerondakis, S. Blood (2005) [Pubmed]
 
WikiGenes - Universities