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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Constitutive proteasome-mediated turnover of Bfl-1/A1 and its processing in response to TNF receptor activation in FL5.12 pro-B cells convert it into a prodeath factor.

Bfl-1/A1 is generally recognized as a Bcl-2-related inhibitor of apoptosis. We show that Bfl-1 undergoes constitutive ubiquitin/proteasome-mediated turnover. Moreover, while Bfl-1 suppresses apoptosis induced by staurosporine or cytokine withdrawal, it is proapoptotic in response to tumor necrosis factor (TNF) receptor activation in FL5.12 pro-B cells. Its anti- versus proapoptotic effect is regulated by two proteolytic events: (1) its constitutive proteasome-mediated turnover and (2) its TNF/cycloheximide (CHX)-induced cleavage by mu-calpain, or a calpain-like activity, coincident with acquisition of a proapoptotic phenotype. In vitro studies suggest that calpain- mediated cleavage of Bfl-1 occurs between its Bcl-2 homology (BH)4 and BH3 domains. This would be consistent with the generation of a proapoptotic Bax-like BH1-3 molecule. Overall, our studies uncovered two new regulatory mechanisms that play a decisive role in determining Bfl-1's prosurvival versus prodeath activities. These findings might provide important clues to counteract chemoresistance in tumor cells that highly express Bfl-1.[1]


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