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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Differential regulation of heme oxygenase isozymes by Sn- and Zn-protoporphyrins: possible relevance to suppression of hyperbilirubinemia.

Synthetic metalloporphyrins decrease heme oxygenase (HO)-dependent bilirubin formation. Presently, the effects in vivo and in vitro of Sn- and Zn-protoporphyrins on HO-1 (HSP-32) and HO-2 at the protein and transcript levels were examined. Western blot analysis of HO-2 in testes microsomes of Sn-protoporphyrin-treated rats revealed a dramatic disruption of the integrity of the HO-2 protein. Similar observations were made with the liver and adrenal HO-2 and the NADPH-cytochrome P-450 reductase of treated rats. Northern blot analysis, however, suggested unaltered tissue levels of HO-2 transcripts (approximately 1.9 and approximately 1.3 kb). The HO-1 protein integrity in organs of treated rats was less dramatically affected by the metalloporphyrin and an increase in its 1.8 kb mRNA level in the testes was detected. Zn-protoporphyrin also increased HO-1 mRNA level in the testes, but did not affect HO-2 protein integrity. In in vitro studies with purified HO-1 and HO-2, both Sn- and Zn-protoporphyrins were equally inhibitory to HO-1 activity; Sn-protoporphyrin, however, was by far more inhibitory to HO-2-dependent activity than to that of HO-1. Together, these findings and the fact that HO-2 under normal conditions is the predominant form of the enzyme in most organs suggest that loss of HO-2 protein integrity may to a significant degree account for suppression of bilirubin formation by Sn-protoporphyrin. These in turn may reflect differences between HO-1 and HO-2, both at the transcriptional level with HO-2 being noninducible, and in structure/composition of the isozymes, with HO-2 being more labile.[1]


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