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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Differential regulation of periplasmic nitrate reductase gene (napKEFDABC) expression between aerobiosis and anaerobiosis with nitrate in a denitrifying phototroph Rhodobacter sphaeroides f. sp. denitrificans.

A denitrifying phototroph, Rhodobacter sphaeroides f. sp. denitrificans, has the ability to denitrify by respiring nitrate. The periplasmic respiratory nitrate reductase (Nap) catalyses the first step in denitrification and is encoded by the genes, napKEFDABC. By assaying the ss-galactosidase activity of napKEFD-lacZ fusions in wild type and nap mutant cells grown under various growth conditions, the environmental signal for inducing nap expression was examined. Under anoxic conditions with nitrate, nap genes expression in the wild-type strain was highest in the dark, and somewhat lowered by incident light, but that of the napA, napB, and napC mutant strains was low, showing that nap expression is dependent on nitrate respiration. Under oxic conditions, both the wild type and nap mutant cells showed high ss-galactosidase activities, comparable to the wild-type grown under anoxic conditions with nitrate. Myxothiazol, a specific inhibitor of the cytochrome bc (1) complex, did not affect the beta-galactosidase activity in the wild-type cells grown aerobically, suggesting that the redox state of the quinone pool was not a candidate for the activation signal for aerobic nap expression. These results suggested that the trans-acting regulatory signals for nap expression differ between anoxic and oxic conditions. Deletion analysis showed that the nucleotide sequence from -135 to -88 with respect to the translational start point is essential for nap expression either under anoxic or oxic conditions, suggesting that the same cis-acting element is involved in regulating nap expression under either anoxic with nitrate or oxic conditions.[1]


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