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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Differential CCR1- mediated chemotaxis signaling induced by human CC chemokine HCC-4/CCL16 in HOS cells.

Human CC chemokine-4 (HCC-4)/CCL16 is a chemoattractant for monocytes and lymphocytes. Although HCC-4 binds to multiple CC chemokine receptors, the receptor-mediated signal transduction pathway induced by HCC-4 has not been characterized. Human osteogenic sarcoma cells stably expressing CCR1 were used to investigate HCC-4- mediated chemotaxis signaling events via CCR1. The chemotactic activity of HCC-4 as well as those of other CCR1-dependent chemokines including MIP-1alpha/CCL3, RANTES/CCL5, and Lkn-1/CCL15 was inhibited by the treatment of pertussis toxin, an inhibitor of Gi/Go protein, U73122, an inhibitor of phospholipase C (PLC), and rottlerin, a specific inhibitor of protein kinase Cdelta (PKCdelta). These results indicate that HCC-4-induced chemotaxis signaling is mediated through Gi/Go protein, PLC, and PKCdelta. SB202190, an inhibitor of p38 mitogen activated protein kinase, only blocked the chemotactic activity of HCC-4, but not those of other CCR1-dependent chemokines. SB202190 inhibited HCC-4-induced chemotaxis in a dose-dependent manner (P < 0.01). HCC-4 induces p38 activation in both a time and dose-dependent manner. However, such p38 activation was not induced by other CCR1-dependent chemokines. To further investigate the differential effect of HCC-4, the Ca2+ mobilization was examined. HCC-4 induced no intracellular Ca2+ flux in contrast to other CCR1-dependent chemokines. These results indicate that HCC-4 transduces signals differently from other CCR1-dependent chemokines and may play different roles in the immune response.[1]


  1. Differential CCR1-mediated chemotaxis signaling induced by human CC chemokine HCC-4/CCL16 in HOS cells. Kim, I.S., Jang, S.W., Sung, H.J., Lee, J.S., Ko, J. FEBS Lett. (2005) [Pubmed]
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