The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Mutational and immunohistochemical analysis of ezrin-, radixin-, moesin (ERM) molecules in epilepsy-associated glioneuronal lesions.

Glioneuronal lesions are frequently observed in biopsy specimens obtained from patients with pharmacoresistant epilepsies, comprising focal cortical dysplasias (FCD) and gangliogliomas. Recent findings point to the phosphoinositide 3-kinase ( PI3K) pathway and tuberin/hamartin signaling cascade as being compromised in these lesions. Ezrin, radixin and moesin (ERM-/band-4.1 proteins) genes represent downstream effectors of the PI3K pathway, are involved in cytoskeleton-membrane interference, cell growth, migration and differentiation, and harbor tumor suppressor motifs. Accumulation of band-4.1 proteins has been identified in cortical tubers of tuberous sclerosis patients, which share neuropathological similarities with FCD and gangliogliomas. Here, we have studied the immunohistochemical distribution pattern of ERMs, as well as allelic variants, occurring in gangliogliomas (n=20) and FCDs (FCD(IIa), n=7; FCD(IIb), n=37). Aberrant accumulation of ERMs was observed in dysplastic neurons of FCDs and gangliogliomas as well as in balloon cells. Adjacent brain tissue without structural abnormalities was used as control and showed only faint neuropil staining. Mutational screening revealed silent polymorphisms in the ezrin gene in two individuals suffering from FCD(IIb). A transition from G to A in radixin exon 2 resulted in an exchange of valine by isoleucine at codon 50 in an additional FCD(IIb) specimen. Such sequence alterations were not found in controls. The present data suggest accumulation of ERM expression in dysplastic cellular components but do not favor mutational events of ERM in the pathogenesis of FCDs or gangliogliomas. Aberrant expression of ERMs is, however, compatible with compromised PI3K-pathway signaling in glioneuronal lesions characterized by abnormal cellular differentiation and aberrant network formation.[1]


  1. Mutational and immunohistochemical analysis of ezrin-, radixin-, moesin (ERM) molecules in epilepsy-associated glioneuronal lesions. Majores, M., Schick, V., Engels, G., Fassunke, J., Elger, C.E., Schramm, J., Blümcke, I., Becker, A.J. Acta Neuropathol. (2005) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities