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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

PD-L2:PD-1 involvement in T cell proliferation, cytokine production, and integrin-mediated adhesion.

The B7 family member programmed death ligand 2 (PD-L2) has been implicated in both positive and negative regulation of T cell activity. In this study, we demonstrate that on human T cells, PD-L2 acts only as a negative regulator of T cell activity, inhibiting proliferation, IL-2 production, and IFN-gamma production via its interaction with programmed death-1 ( PD-1). This study also shows a novel role for PD-1 in inhibiting beta1 and beta2 integrin-mediated adhesion. PD-L2 inhibition of T cell function involves modulation of the phosphoinositide 3-OH kinase (PI 3-K)/AKT and extracellular signal-related kinase (ERK)/mitogen- activated protein kinase ( MAPK) pathways, with PD-L2 inhibiting anti-CD3- induced AKT phosphorylation within minutes and ERK phosphorylation after hours. Analysis of phosphatase activity of Src homology 2 domain-containing tyrosine phosphatase (SHP)-1 and SHP-2 in response to anti-CD3 mAb or anti-CD3 mAb + PD-L2 stimulation revealed that while SHP-1 phosphatase activity is not affected by stimulation, SHP-2 phosphatase activity is significantly increased by anti-CD3 mAb + PD-L2 stimulation. Anti-CD3 mAb + PD-L2 stimulation also increased the level of SHP-2 associated with the PD-1 receptor. These results suggest that catalytically active SHP-2 associated with the PD-1 receptor is involved in modulating T cell function.[1]


  1. PD-L2:PD-1 involvement in T cell proliferation, cytokine production, and integrin-mediated adhesion. Saunders, P.A., Hendrycks, V.R., Lidinsky, W.A., Woods, M.L. Eur. J. Immunol. (2005) [Pubmed]
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