The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Exolytic hydrolysis of toxic plant glucosides by guinea pig liver cytosolic beta-glucosidase.

We demonstrate that although the guinea pig liver cytosolic beta-glucosidase does not catalyze the hydrolysis of gentiobiose, it does hydrolyze, disaccharide-containing glycosides such as p-nitrophenyl-beta-D-gentiobioside (Glc beta 1----6Glc beta-pNP) and mandelonitrile-beta-D-gentiobioside (amygdalin). Furthermore, we establish that the enzyme attacks disaccharide glycosides exolytically; specifically, we document the exolytic deglucosylation of amygdalin and the generation of the intermediate monosaccharide glycoside mandelonitrile-beta-D-glucoside prior to the formation of the aglycone (mandelonitrile). We also show that the cytosolic beta-glucosidase catalyzes the hydrolysis of various phenolic (e.g. arbutin and salicin) and cyanogenic plant glucosides (e.g. prunasin). Using the everted gut-sack technique, we demonstrate that the plant glucosides, amygdalin, prunasin, and vicine, are transported across the small intestine of the guinea pig efficiently and without being hydrolyzed. Based on these data we speculate that the cytosolic beta-glucosidase may participate in biotransformation of toxic plant glucosides.[1]


  1. Exolytic hydrolysis of toxic plant glucosides by guinea pig liver cytosolic beta-glucosidase. Gopalan, V., Pastuszyn, A., Galey, W.R., Glew, R.H. J. Biol. Chem. (1992) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities