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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Kinetic validation of the use of carboxydichlorofluorescein as a drug surrogate for MRP5-mediated transport.

Multidrug resistance protein-5 (MRP5, ABCC5) is a member of the ATP-binding cassette transporter superfamily that effluxes a broad range of natural and xenobiotic compounds such as cyclic GMP, antiviral compounds, and cancer chemotherapeutic agents including nucleoside-based drugs, antifolate agents and platinum compounds. In cellular assays, MRP5 transfectants are less fluorescent after incubation with 5-chloromethylfluorescein diacetate (CMFDA). The present study examines the uptake of a close fluorescent analog, carboxydichlorofluorescein (CDCF), and drug substrates into inside-out membrane vesicles prepared from MRP transfected cells. MRP5- mediated uptake of CDCF was ATP-dependent and GSH-independent and possessed a Km of 12 microM and a Vmax of 56 pmol/min/mg prot. Comparison of kinetic parameters with drug substrates such as methotrexate (MTX), pemetrexed (Alimta), and the metabolite of 5-fluorouracil, 5-fluorodeoxyuridine monophosphate (5-FdUMP) (Km values of 0.3-1.3 mM) indicated that MRP5 has a 25-100-fold higher affinity for CDCF than for these drugs and that they share a common transport binding site. In addition, the potency of MRP5 inhibitors such as probenecid, MK571, and the phosphodiesterase 5 inhibitors correlated well between the uptake of CDCF and MTX. A survey of CDCF uptake by other MRPs revealed that MRP2 (ABCC2) also demonstrated ATP-dependent uptake with a Km of 19 microM and Vmax of 95.5 pmol/min/mg prot, while MRP1 (ABCC1) and MRP4 (ABCC4) had little to no uptake. Taken together, these data indicate that CDCF is a useful fluorescent drug surrogate with which to measure ATP-dependent MRP5-mediated transport.[1]


  1. Kinetic validation of the use of carboxydichlorofluorescein as a drug surrogate for MRP5-mediated transport. Pratt, S., Chen, V., Perry, W.I., Starling, J.J., Dantzig, A.H. European journal of pharmaceutical sciences : official journal of the European Federation for Pharmaceutical Sciences. (2006) [Pubmed]
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