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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Characterization of the endogenous GIT1-betaPIX complex, and identification of its association to membranes.

G protein-coupled receptor kinase interactors (GITs) are adaptor proteins with ADP-ribosylating factor--GTPase- activating protein (ARF-GAP) activity that form complexes with the p21-activated kinase- interacting exchange factor (PIX) guanine nucleotide exchanging factors for Rac and Cdc42. In this study we have characterized the endogenous GIT1/p95-APP1/ Cat1 (GIT1)- PIX complexes in neuronal and non-neuronal cells. In COS7 cells, immunocytochemical analysis shows the localization of endogenous GIT1 in the perinuclear region of the cell, as well as at the cell periphery, where GIT1 co-localizes with filamentous actin. The perinuclear localization of endogenous GIT1 was confirmed in avian fibroblasts. In COS7 cells, immunoprecipitation and microsequencing experiments with either anti-GIT1 or anti-betaPIX antibodies unequivocally show that betaPIX is uniquely associated with GIT1 in lysates from these cells, while GIT2/ PKL/p95-APP2/ Cat2 (GIT2) is undetectable in the endogenous complexes. Moreover, this analysis demonstrates that betaPIX is the limiting factor for the formation of the endogenous complexes, since a small fraction of GIT1 can be co-immunoprecipitated with most betaPIX from these cells. Saponin treatment of unfixed cells indicates that betaPIX-bound GIT1 is preferentially retained in the saponin-resistant fraction when compared to betaPIX-free GIT1. Moreover, analysis by tissue fractionation shows that a significant fraction of the endogenous GIT1-betaPIX complex is firmly associated to membranes from brain homogenates. Our findings show the specific localization of the complex at intracellular membranes, and indicate a correlation between the association of GIT1 to betaPIX, and the localization of the endogenous complex at membranes.[1]


  1. Characterization of the endogenous GIT1-betaPIX complex, and identification of its association to membranes. Botrugno, O.A., Paris, S., Za, L., Gualdoni, S., Cattaneo, A., Bachi, A., de Curtis, I. Eur. J. Cell Biol. (2006) [Pubmed]
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