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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

PC cell-derived growth factor confers resistance to dexamethasone and promotes tumorigenesis in human multiple myeloma.

PURPOSE: We have shown previously that the 88 kDa glycoprotein PC cell-derived growth factor (PCDGF/GP88) is expressed and acts as an autocrine growth factor in human multiple myeloma cells. The present study investigates whether PCDGF/GP88 expression in multiple myeloma cells leads to the development of resistance to dexamethasone, a conventional drug for multiple myeloma patients. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: PCDGF functions and signaling pathways in dexamethasone-induced apoptosis were studied using a representative dexamethasone-sensitive multiple myeloma cell line ARP-1. The effect of PCDGF/GP88 was further confirmed in PCDGF/GP88-overexpressed ARP-1 cells. RESULTS: Dexamethasone inhibits cell growth and induces apoptosis in a time- and dose-dependent fashion. Exogenous addition of PCDGF/GP88 to the ARP-1 cells prevented dexamethasone-induced apoptosis as examined by flow cytometry analysis and poly(ADP-ribose)polymerase cleavage assay. Signaling studies showed that mitogen-activated protein kinase, phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase, and nuclear factor-kappaB were involved in the antiapoptotic effect of PCDGF/GP88. Overexpression of PCDGF/GP88 in ARP-1 cells rendered the cells refractory to dexamethasone-mediated apoptosis, enhanced their ability to form colonies in soft agar, and to form tumors in vivo without any change in glucocorticoid receptor expression and function. CONCLUSION: These data suggest that expression of PCDGF/GP88 confers resistance to dexamethasone and increase tumorigenesis of multiple myeloma cells in mouse xenografts. Our data here also raises the possibility of PCDGF/GP88 as a potential therapeutic target for dexamethasone-resistant multiple myeloma.[1]


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