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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Reduction of caspase-8 and -9 cleavage is associated with increased c-FLIP and increased binding of Apaf-1 and Hsp70 after neonatal hypoxic/ischemic injury in mice overexpressing Hsp70.

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Caspase-8 and caspase-9 are essential proteases of the extrinsic and intrinsic apoptotic pathways, respectively. We investigated whether neuroprotection associated with overexpression of heat-shock protein 70 (Hsp70), a natural cellular antiapoptotic protein, is mediated by caspase-8 and caspase-9 signaling in the neonatal mouse brain after hypoxia/ischemia (H/I) injury. METHODS: Postnatal day 7 transgenic mice overexpressing rat Hsp70 (Hsp70 Tg) and their wild-type (Wt) littermates underwent unilateral common carotid artery ligation followed by 30 minutes of exposure to 8% O2. The expression of apoptotic proteins was quantified by Western blot analysis, and the specific interaction between Hsp70 and apoptotic protease activating factor 1 ( Apaf-1) was determined by coimmunoprecipitation. RESULTS: Hsp70 overexpression reduced cytosolic translocation of cytochrome c without affecting the levels of Apaf-1 and pro-caspase-9 24 hours after H/I. The expression of these apoptotic proteins in the naïve neonatal brains was also not affected by Hsp70 overexpression. Reduced caspase-9 cleavage occurred in Hsp70 Tg mice compared with Wt littermates 24 hours after H/I and correlated with increased binding of Hsp70 and Apaf-1. Increased cellular Fas- associated death domain-like interleukin-1beta-converting enzyme inhibitory protein (FLIP) expression and decreased caspase-8 cleavage were also observed in Hsp70 Tg compared with Wt mice 24 hours after H/I. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that the extrinsic and intrinsic apoptotic pathways mediate the neuroprotective effects of Hsp70 overexpression in neonatal H/I, specifically by upregulating FLIP and sequestering Apaf-1, leading to reduced cleavage of caspase-8 and caspase-9.[1]

References

  1. Reduction of caspase-8 and -9 cleavage is associated with increased c-FLIP and increased binding of Apaf-1 and Hsp70 after neonatal hypoxic/ischemic injury in mice overexpressing Hsp70. Matsumori, Y., Northington, F.J., Hong, S.M., Kayama, T., Sheldon, R.A., Vexler, Z.S., Ferriero, D.M., Weinstein, P.R., Liu, J. Stroke (2006) [Pubmed]
 
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