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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Centrosome-, chromosomal-passenger- and cell-cycle-associated mRNAs are differentially regulated in the development of sporadic colorectal cancer.

Dysregulation of the centrosome complex and chromosomal segregation has been associated with aneuploid cells and aggressive solid tumours, but the relevance of this mechanism to the adenoma-carcinoma sequence of sporadic colorectal cancer (sCRC), especially tumours showing chromosomal instability (CIN), is still unknown. In a series of matching normal epithelial cells (n = 41), dysplastic cells (n = 18), and invasive carcinoma cells (n = 41) from cases with sCRC, mRNA levels of the centrosomal kinase Aurora-A/ STK15 and the chromosomal passenger- and cell cycle- associated molecules Incenp, Survivin, Mad-2, and Cyclin-D1 were therefore measured with specific reference to the type of genetic instability. Compared with normal epithelium, significant up-regulation of mRNAs was already present for Aurora-A/ STK15 (p = 0.0313) in dysplastic cells and for all investigated markers in invasive carcinoma. Whereas Aurora-A/ STK15 mRNA levels were similarly up-regulated in dysplastic and invasive carcinoma cells (p = 0.0797), Survivin (p = 0.0046) and Cyclin-D1 (p = 0.0017) mRNA levels increased from dysplastic to invasive carcinoma cells. In carcinomas, Incenp mRNA correlated with T category (p = 0.0149), and Survivin (p = 0.0382) and Cyclin-D1 (p = 0.0185) were associated with tumour differentiation. Importantly, a significantly higher (p = 0.0419) fold-change of Aurora-A/ STK15 mRNA (p = 0.0419), but not Incenp, Survivin, Mad-2 or Cyclin-D1, was observed in sCRC cases with CIN (n = 29) when compared with tumours showing microsatellite instability (MIN, n = 10). The present data are the first to show an early increase of the centrosomal kinase Aurora-A/ STK15 in the adenoma-carcinoma sequence of sCRC. The regulation of this kinase differs in CIN- and MIN-type sCRCs and the pattern of changes is different from those of the cell-cycle-associated markers Survivin, Mad-2, and Cyclin-D1. This reinforces the concept of preferential dysregulation of the centrosome complex in CIN-type (aneuploid), compared with MIN-type, sporadic colorectal cancers and may influence the response to and efficiency of novel therapeutics targeting Aurora kinases.[1]


  1. Centrosome-, chromosomal-passenger- and cell-cycle-associated mRNAs are differentially regulated in the development of sporadic colorectal cancer. Gerlach, U., Kayser, G., Walch, A., Hopt, U., Schulte-Mönting, J., Werner, M., Lassmann, S. J. Pathol. (2006) [Pubmed]
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