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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Adenoviral gene transfer of a mutant surfactant enzyme ameliorates pseudomonas-induced lung injury.

Surfactant deficiency is an important contributor to the acute respiratory distress syndrome, a disorder that commonly occurs after bacterial sepsis. CTP:phosphocholine cytidylyltransferase (CCTalpha) is the rate-limiting enzyme required for the biosynthesis of dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC), the major phospholipid of surfactant. In this study, a cDNA encoding a novel, calpain-resistant mutant CCTalpha enzyme was delivered intratracheally in mice using a replication-deficient adenovirus 5 CTP:phosphocholine cytidylyltransferase construct (Ad5-CCT(Penta)) in models of bacterial sepsis. Ad5-CCT(Penta) gene transfer produced high-level CCTalpha gene expression, increased alveolar surfactant (DPPC) levels and improved lung surface tension and pressure-volume relationships relative to control mice. Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA103) decreased DPPC synthesis, in part, via calpain-mediated degradation of CCTalpha. Deleterious effects of Pseudomonas on surfactant were lessened after infection with a mutant strain lacking the type III exotoxin, Exo U. Replication-deficient adenovirus 5 CTP:phosphocholine cytidylyltransferase gene delivery improved lung biophysical properties by optimizing surface activity in this Pseudomonas model of proteinase-mediated lung injury. The studies are the first demonstration of in vivo gene transfer of a lipogenic enzyme resulting in improved lung mechanics. The studies suggest that augmentation of DPPC synthesis via gene delivery of CCTalpha can attenuate impaired lung function in surfactant-deficient states such as bacterial sepsis.[1]


  1. Adenoviral gene transfer of a mutant surfactant enzyme ameliorates pseudomonas-induced lung injury. Zhou, J., Wu, Y., Henderson, F., McCoy, D.M., Salome, R.G., McGowan, S.E., Mallampalli, R.K. Gene Ther. (2006) [Pubmed]
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