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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Identification and regulation of novel PPAR-gamma splice variants in human THP-1 macrophages.

We have previously identified four novel isoforms of PPAR-gamma transcripts in monkey macrophages (J. Zhou, K.M. Wilson, J.D. Medh, Genetic analysis of four novel peroxisome proliferator receptor-gamma splice variants in monkey macrophages. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun., 293 (2002) 274-283). The purpose of this study was to ascertain that these isoforms are also present in humans. Specific primers were designed to amplify individual isoform transcripts. The presence of PPAR-gamma4, PPAR-gamma5, and PPAR-gamma7 transcripts in human THP-1 macrophages was confirmed by RT-PCR and sequencing. A transcript corresponding to PPAR-gamma6 was not detected. The presence of novel full-length transcripts and protein was also ascertained by Northern and Western blot analysis. Treatment of THP-1 cells with 15-deoxy-Delta12,14-prostaglandin J(2) (15d-PGJ(2)) resulted in more than 20% induction in the expression of PPAR-gamma5 and PPAR-gamma7 transcripts by both Northern blot analysis and RT-PCR. Another PPAR-gamma ligand, troglitazone, induced expression of only PPAR-gamma5. Both ligands inhibited the expression of PPAR-gamma1 and PPAR-gamma2. Additionally, 15d-PGJ(2) and troglitazone increased the level of apolipoprotein E transcript by 60% but decreased lipoprotein lipase expression by 15% in THP-1 cells. The differential regulation of PPAR-gamma transcripts suggests that each transcript isoform may contribute to macrophage function.[1]


  1. Identification and regulation of novel PPAR-gamma splice variants in human THP-1 macrophages. Chen, Y., Jimenez, A.R., Medh, J.D. Biochim. Biophys. Acta (2006) [Pubmed]
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