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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Expression and endocytosis of integrin VLA receptors for collagen, fibronectin and laminin by normal human keratinocytes.

The Very Late Activation (VLA) antigen family is involved in cell-extracellular matrix interactions and consists of six heterodimeric cell surface receptors with a common beta 1 and a variable alpha subunit. Using a panel of specific antibodies, we showed that human epidermal basal cells expressed VLA-2, VLA-3 and VLA-6 but failed to express VLA-4. Their functional roles were investigated and VLA-2 appeared as a specific receptor for type IV collagen and also as a laminin receptor. VLA-3 appeared as a receptor for fibronectin and laminin and to a lesser extent as a type I collagen receptor. VLA-6 appeared as a specific receptor for laminin. It also appeared that the VLA-alpha subunit specifically mediates the recognition of ligand but the beta 1 subunit is also involved in adhesion and that both subunits have a synergistic influence. Immunoprecipitation analyses confirmed that VLA-2, VLA-3 and VLA-6 were expressed by basal keratinocytes. Endocytosis of VLA-2 and VLA-3 was observed involving coated vesicles and endosomes that are structures characteristic of a receptor-mediated pathway. These findings provide first evidence that normal human basal keratinocytes are able of endocytosis mediated by receptors. Taken together, these results indicate that multiple VLA receptors function in combination to mediate epidermal basal cell adhesion to extracellular matrix.[1]


  1. Expression and endocytosis of integrin VLA receptors for collagen, fibronectin and laminin by normal human keratinocytes. Le Varlet, B., Staquet, M.J., Dezutter-Dambuyant, C., Gaucherand, M., Schmitt, D. J. Dermatol. Sci. (1991) [Pubmed]
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