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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Expression of MDR proteins in breast cancer and its correlation with some clinical and pathological parameters.

The aim of this work was to determine the expression of the multidrug resistance (MDR) proteins, namely MDR1 (P-glycoprotein), MRP1 (multidrug resistance-related protein) and LRP (lung resistance-related protein), in 87 samples of breast carcinoma. Detection of these proteins was provided by using indirect enzymatic immunohistochemistry. Our findings were compared with the other clinical and pathological parameters: expression of Her2/neu, estrogen receptor status (ER), progesteron receptor status (PR), histological grade and regional lymph node status. For statistical analysis, non-parametric two sided Mann-Whitney-U test was used. Majority of breast carcinoma specimens show positivity for these proteins. The MDR1 and MRP1 signal was found in the cytoplasm of cancer cells. The expression of LRP was detected in the cytoplasm close to the nuclear membrane. The samples were positive for MDR1 protein in 57%, for MRP1 in 84% and for LRP in 79%. Comparing our results with other clinical and pathological parameters, negative correlation between ER, PR and MDR1 expressions and histological grading status was found. No associations were observed between the MRP1 and LRP proteins and histological grading, as well as between the expression of three MDR proteins and the other clinicaly relevant parameters. In conclusion, high frequency of expression of MDR proteins in breast carcinoma cells suggests, that these proteins might be an important factor of drug resistance in breast carcinoma. Nevertheles, the negative correlation between the histological grade of malignancy of tumor and the expression of ER, PR and MDR1 indicates possible influence of progressive tumor cell dediferentiation. However, this finding has to be confirmed in additional evaluations.[1]


  1. Expression of MDR proteins in breast cancer and its correlation with some clinical and pathological parameters. Rybárová, S., Hodorová, I., Hajduková, M., Schmidtová, K., Mojzis, J., Kajo, K., Kviatkovská, Z., Plank, L., Benický, M., Mirossay, A., Biros, E., Bobrov, N., Wagnerová, M., Berc, A., Mirossay, L. Neoplasma (2006) [Pubmed]
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