The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Mechanism of induction of pancreatic acinar cell apoptosis by hydrogen sulfide.

The present study investigated the mechanism of mouse pancreatic acinar cell apoptosis induced by H(2)S in an in vitro system, using isolated pancreatic acini. Treatment of pancreatic acini with 10 microM NaHS (a donor of H(2)S) for 3 h caused phosphatidylserine externalization as shown by annexin V binding, an indicator of early stages of apoptosis. This treatment also resulted in the activation of the caspase cascade and major changes at the mitochondrial level. Caspase-3, -8, and -9 activities were stimulated by H(2)S treatment. Treatment with inhibitors of caspase-3, -8, and -9 significantly inhibited H(2)S-induced phosphatidylserine externalization as shown by reduced annexin V staining. The mitochondrial membrane potential was collapsed in H(2)S-treated acini as evidenced by fluorescence microscopy and quantitative analysis. Furthermore, the treatment of acini with H(2)S caused the release of cytochrome c by the mitochondria. To investigate the mechanism underlying pancreatic acinar cell apoptosis, we also characterized the protein expression of a range of molecules that are each known to influence the apoptotic pathway. Among proapoptotic proteins, Bax expression was activated in H(2)S-treated cells but not Bid, and the antiapoptotic proteins Bcl-X(L) and Bcl-2 did not show any activation in pancreatic acinar cell apoptosis. The death effector domain-containing protein Flip is downregulated in H(2)S-treated acini. These results demonstrate the induction of pancreatic acinar cell apoptosis in vitro by H(2)S and the involvement of both mitochondrial and death receptor pathways in the process of apoptosis.[1]


  1. Mechanism of induction of pancreatic acinar cell apoptosis by hydrogen sulfide. Cao, Y., Adhikari, S., Ang, A.D., Moore, P.K., Bhatia, M. Am. J. Physiol., Cell Physiol. (2006) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities