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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

High-performance liquid chromatographic separation of imidazolinone herbicide enantiomers and their methyl derivatives on polysaccharide-coated chiral stationary phases.

Many chiral pesticides exhibit enantioselectivity in biotransformation and ecotoxicity in the environment. A significant class of chiral pesticides is imidazolinone herbicides, of which enantioselectivity has not been well studied. Development of efficient chiral separation methods is the first step for allowing characterization of enantioselectivity in environmental processes. In this study, we attempted to resolve enantiomers of imidazolinone herbicides using reversed-phase and normal-phase high-performance liquid chromatography with polysaccharide-type chiral columns. Enantiomers of imazethapyr, imazaquin, and imazamox were separated on a Chiralcel OD-R column using 50mM phosphate buffer-acetonitrile as mobile phase. Enantiomers of imazapyr, imazapic, imazethapyr, imazamox and imazaquin were resolved on a Chiralcel OJ column using n-hexane (0.1% trifluoroacetic acid)-alcohol as mobile phase. The enantiomers of five methyl derivatives of imidazolinone herbicides were also resolved on the Chiralcel OJ column. The Deltak' values revealed a structure-enantioselectivity relationship for the separation behaviors of the enantiomers on the OJ column. The described method was successfully applied for chiral analysis of two imidazolinone herbicides (imazapyr and imazaquin) in spiked soil samples.[1]


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