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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

N omega-nitro-L-arginine attenuates the accumulation of aortic cyclic GMP and the hypotension produced by zaprinast.

To determine if N omega-nitro-L-arginine (NNA), an inhibitor of the synthesis and/or release of endothelium-derived relaxing factor (EDRF), alters the response to zaprinast, a selective inhibitor of cyclic GMP (cGMP) phosphodiesterase, zaprinast (3-30 mg/kg) or vehicle (1 ml/kg) was given to conscious, spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) in a cumulative i.v. dose-response manner 30 min after pretreatment with NNA (1 or 3 mg/kg) or saline (1 ml/kg). Mean arterial pressure (MAP) was measured 5 min after each dose of zaprinast. Five minutes after the last dose of zaprinast (30 mg/kg), the rats were anesthetized with pentobarbital (25 mg i.v.). A segment of the abdominal aorta was freeze-clamped in situ and removed for the determination of cGMP levels. NNA (3 mg/kg) decreased basal aortic cGMP levels by 54% and increased MAP by 37 +/- 2 mm Hg. Zaprinast (30 mg/kg) increased aortic cGMP by 187% and decreased MAP by 49 +/- 4 mm Hg. NNA (3 mg/kg) reduced the accumulation of cGMP in aortic tissue (from 4.1 +/- 0.4 to 1.3 +/- 0.1 fmol/microgram protein) and attenuated the depressor response (from -49 +/- 4 to -31 +/- 4 mm Hg) produced by zaprinast. These data are consistent with the hypothesis that NNA inhibits the tonic release of EDRF and that the depressor effects of zaprinast are due, at least in part, to the potentiation of the vasodilator effects of EDRF in vivo. Moreover, since the changes in MAP produced by NNA and zaprinast were significantly correlated with cGMP levels in aortic tissue, the concentration of cGMP in vascular tissue may be a determinant of blood pressure in SHR.[1]


  1. N omega-nitro-L-arginine attenuates the accumulation of aortic cyclic GMP and the hypotension produced by zaprinast. Dundore, R.L., Pratt, P.F., O'Connor, B., Buchholz, R.A., Pagani, E.D. Eur. J. Pharmacol. (1991) [Pubmed]
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