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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Hyperhomocysteinemia associated with decreased renal transsulfuration activity in Dahl S rats.

Elevated plasma homocysteine (Hcys) has been reported to participate in the development of arterial and glomerular sclerosis in Dahl salt-sensitive hypertensive (SS) rats. The mechanism resulting in hyperhomocysteinemia in these animals remains unknown. Disposal of Hcys in the kidneys plays an important role in regulating the plasma Hcys level. We, therefore, examined the activities and expressions of the enzymes involved in the metabolism of Hcys in the kidneys of SS rats, compared with that of Brown Norway rats and SSBN13 rats, a consomic subcolony of SS rats that carries a substituted chromosome 13 from Brown Norway rats. High-performance liquid chromatography analysis demonstrated that plasma Hcys levels were significantly higher in SS rats. The conversion of S-adenosylhomocysteine into Hcys via S-adenosylhomocysteine hydrolase by renal tissue was not different among these 3 rat strains. However, the metabolic rate of Hcys into cysteine was markedly reduced in the SS rat kidneys. The mRNA and protein levels of cystathionine beta-synthase ( CBS), one of the key enzymes in the transsulfuration pathway in the kidneys, were significantly lower in SS rats. In microdissected nephron segments, CBS mRNA was shown to be mainly present in renal proximal tubules (PTs). The mRNA levels of CBS in the PTs were also significantly decreased in SS rats, accompanied by a reduced CBS activity in PTs. We conclude that hyperhomocysteinemia is associated with a decreased activity and expression of CBS in renal PTs because of the defect of chromosome 13 in SS rats.[1]


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