The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)-C receptor stimulation increases prolactin (PRL) secretion in cultured rat anterior pituitary cells.

Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) reportedly inhibits secretion of anterior pituitary hormones by directly acting on GABA-A and GABA-B receptors on anterior pituitary cells, but the roles of GABA-C receptors are little known. In this study, involvement of GABA-C receptors in the secretion of prolactin (PRL) was examined using cultured rat anterior pituitary cells. GABA-C receptor agonist, cis-4-aminocrotonic acid (CACA, 0.1-1 mM) increased PRL secretion dose-dependently, while GABA-A receptor agonist, 100 microM muscimol, but not GABA-B receptor agonist, 100 microM baclofen, decreased the secretion. GABA-C receptor antagonist, 15 microM (1,2,5,6-tetrahydropyridin-4-yl) methylphosphinic acid (TPMPA), and GABA-A receptor antagonist, 100 microM bicuculline, not only reversed such an agonist-induced increase or decrease in PRL secretion, but also suppressed or enhanced spontaneous PRL secretion, raising a possibility of GABA-C or GABA-A receptor stimulation by intrinsic pituitary-derived GABA. GABA-C receptor subunits (rho1, rho2, rho3) and GABA synthesizing enzymes (GAD 65 and GAD 67) were shown to be expressed as assayed by RT-PCR, and GABA-C receptor stimulation by CACA obviously increased intracellular Ca2+ concentration in the anterior pituitary cells. Thus, PRL secretion from anterior pituitary cells appears to be enhanced via direct GABA-C receptor stimulation by GABA originating from the anterior pituitary cells besides well-known hypothalamic GABA.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities