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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Negative regulation of protease-activated receptor 1-induced Src kinase activity by the association of phosphocaveolin-1 with Csk.

Protease-activated receptor 1 ( PAR1), a G protein-coupled receptor ( GPCR) for thrombin, has been correlated with cell proliferation. PAR1 is activated by the irreversibly proteolytic cleavage, internalized via clathrin-coated pits, and then sorted to lysosomes for degradation. Caveolae play important roles in both signaling transduction and internalization of several GPCRs. However, the role of caveolae in cellular signaling and trafficking of PAR1 is still unclear. In this study, we show that PAR1 was partially localized in caveolae. Disruption of caveolae by cholesterol depletion did not inhibit PAR1 internalization, indicating that internalization of PAR1 was not via caveolae. Of interest, activation of PAR1 resulted in the phosphorylation of caveolin-1, a principal component of caveolae, on tyrosine 14 by a Gi-linked Src kinase pathway and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase. Analysis of immunoprecipitates from cells stimulated by PAR1 showed that phosphocaveolin-1 but not caveolin-1 with mutation at tyrosine 14 could bind to Csk. In addition, phosphocaveolin-1 could not bind to CskS109C mutant with the defective SH2 domain. These results indicated that phosphocaveolin-1 was associated with the SH2 domain of Csk in response to PAR1 activation. The association further resulted in a rapid decrease in Src kinase activity. Thus, PAR1-induced Src activation is negatively regulated by recruiting Csk through phosphocaveolin-1. Our results also reveal that phosphocaveolin-1 represents a novel effector of PAR1 to downregulate Src kinase activity. The downregulation of PAR1-induced Src activation mediated by phosphocaveolin-1 provides an additional mechanism for the termination of PAR1 signaling at its downstream molecules.[1]


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