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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Electrical stimulation of the substantia nigra and changes of 2-phenylethylamine synthesis in the rat striatum.

In rats pretreated with deprenyl (2 mg/kg), electrical stimulation of the left substantia nigra produced an increase in the concentrations of 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid and homovanillic acid in the left striatum by 57 and 45%, but the levels of 2-phenylethylamine and p-tyramine decreased by 22 and 41%, respectively, as compared with those in the right striatum. The administration of alpha-methyl-p-tyrosine (1.25 mg/kg, i.p.), a tyrosine hydroxylase inhibitor, 1 h before nigral stimulation, did not affect the concentration of 2-phenylethylamine in unstimulated striata but prevented the stimulation-induced decrease in the concentration of 2-phenylethylamine. Neither stimulation nor alpha-methyl-p-tyrosine affected the activity of monoamine oxidase A or B, and stimulation did not produce any change in striatal blood flow, a finding demonstrating that the changes in the rate of accumulation of 2-phenylethylamine were not due to changes in catabolism or removal of 2-phenylethylamine from the brain. These experiments demonstrate that the rate of synthesis of striatal 2-phenylethylamine is decreased following nigral stimulation and that this effect is blocked after partial inhibition of tyrosine hydroxylase. This suggests that 2-phenylethylamine is present in tyrosine hydroxylase-containing neurons and therefore supports the coexistence of 2-phenylethylamine and dopamine in the nigrostriatal pathway.[1]


  1. Electrical stimulation of the substantia nigra and changes of 2-phenylethylamine synthesis in the rat striatum. Juorio, A.V., Paterson, I.A., Zhu, M.Y., Matte, G. J. Neurochem. (1991) [Pubmed]
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