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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Passive immunization of the pig against gonadotropin releasing hormone during the follicular phase of the estrous cycle.

Three experiments were conducted to determine the effects of passively immunizing pigs against gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH) during the follicular phase of the estrous cycle. In Experiment 1, sows were given GnRH antibodies at weaning and they lacked estrogen secretion during the five days immediately after weaning and had delayed returns to estrus. In Experiment 2, gilts passively immunized against GnRH on Day 16 or 17 of the estrous cycle (Day 0 = first day of estrus) had lower (P<0.03) concentrations of estradiol-17beta than control gilts, and they did not exhibited estrus at the expected time (Days 18 to 22). When observed three weeks after passive immunization, control gilts had corpora lutea present on their ovaries, whereas GnRH-immunized gilts had follicles and no corpora lutea. The amount of GnRH antiserum given did not alter (P<0.05) serum concentrations of LH or pulsatile release of LH in sows and gilts. In Experiment 3, prepuberal gilts were given 1,000 IU PMSG at 0 h and GnRH antiserum at 72 and 120 h. This treatment lowered the preovulatory surge of LH and FSH, but it did not alter serum estradiol-17beta concentrations, the proportion of pigs exhibiting estrus, or the ovulation rate. These results indicate that passive immunization of pigs against GnRH before initiation of or during the early part of the follicular phase of the estrous cycle retards follicular development, whereas administration of GnRH antibodies during the latter stages of follicular development does not have an affect. Since the concentration of antibodies was not high enough to alter basal or pulsatile LH secretion, the mechanism of action of the GnRH antiserum may involve a direct ovarian action.[1]


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