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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Development and characterization of monoclonal antibody to the lymphocystis disease virus of Japanese flounder Paralichthys olivaceus isolated from China.

Lymphocystis disease virus (LCDV) can infect, both naturally and experimentally, about 100 different teleost fish species. In this study, LCDV was purified using differential and gradient centrifugation from skin tumours of Japanese flounder Paralichthys olivaceus. A panel of five monoclonal antibodies (Mabs) against LCDV were produced by immunization of Balb/c mice with purified virus preparations. Analysed by the indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), indirect immunofluorescence assay (IFA), Western blot and immunogold electron microscopy (IEM), they showed specificity for LCDV. Immunofluorescent studies showed that the specific fluorescence signals appeared at the peripheral zone of hypertrophied cells cytoplasm where was the cytoplasmic inclusion bodies location and many of them formed ribbon-shaped. Western blot analysis demonstrated that two Mabs 1D7 and 2B6 reacted specifically to a single protein with an approximately molecular weight of 116kDa, Mab 3G3 reacted with two LCDV proteins at molecular mass of approximately 116 and 90kDa. Immunogold transmission electron-microscopy provided visualized evidence that the epitopes recognized by these Mabs were located on the outer surface of virions. The Mabs characterized should prove useful for developing LCDV diagnostic assays and for studying the biology of infection and pathogenesis of disease.[1]


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