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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Effects of vibration and hyaluronic acid on activation of three-dimensional cultured chondrocytes.

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of vibration (Vib) and hyaluronic acid (HA) on 3-dimensional cultured cartilage. METHODS: Chondrocytes were obtained from metatarsophalangeal joints of freshly killed 6-month-old pigs. Twenty-four-well plates containing type I collagen sponge disks were used to culture samples. The frequency and the amplitude of the vibration of the well plate were 100 Hz and 0.5 nm, respectively. We produced 3-dimensional cartilage tissue using HA and vibration with collagen sponge as a carrier. Four different culture conditions were examined: a control HA-Vib- group, an HA-Vib+ group, an HA+Vib- group, and an HA+Vib+ group. Each group was cultured for 2 weeks. After culture days 3, 7, 10, and 14 (every 3.5 days), the levels of chondroitin 4-sulfate (C4S) and chondroitin 6-sulfate (C6S) isomers synthesized in each culture medium were measured. Histologic analysis, immunohistochemical analysis, and electron microscopic examination were performed. RESULTS: Mean C4S and C6S synthesis had increased rapidly after 7 days of culture and continued to increase thereafter. There were significant differences among the 4 groups (P < 0.01). Synthesis of both C4S and C6S was most abundant in the HA+Vib+ group and the lowest in the HA-Vib- group. After 1 and 2 weeks of culture, the chondrocytes had formed stratified structures on the collagen sponges in all groups, although the thickest structure was observed in the HA+Vib+ group and the thinnest in the HA-Vib- group. Under immunofluorescence, the HA+Vib+ group exhibited the strongest chromatic features. Under electron microscopy, the chondrocytes in the HA+Vib+ group exhibited many long and slender prominences on their surface, and extracellular substance could be observed associated with the cells. CONCLUSION: Our results indicate that the combination of vibration and HA activates the production of proteoglycan in 3-dimensional cultured chondrocytes and stimulates MAPK and beta-catenin. This suggests that some mechanoreceptors for vibration exist on the plasma membrane of chondrocytes and activate the intracellular signal transduction system.[1]


  1. Effects of vibration and hyaluronic acid on activation of three-dimensional cultured chondrocytes. Takeuchi, R., Saito, T., Ishikawa, H., Takigami, H., Dezawa, M., Ide, C., Itokazu, Y., Ikeda, M., Shiraishi, T., Morishita, S. Arthritis Rheum. (2006) [Pubmed]
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