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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Oxidation of 1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane in rat liver microsomes is catalyzed primarily by cytochrome P-450IIE1.

1,1,1,2-Tetrafluoroethane (R-134a), a nonozone-depleting alternative air-conditioning refrigerant and propellant for pharmaceutical preparations, is oxidatively defluorinated by rat hepatic microsomes. In this report we show that induction of cytochrome P-450IIE1 in rats, by pyridine administration, resulted in an 8-fold increase in the rate of R-134a metabolism by hepatic microsomes (Vmax 47 vs. 6 nmol F-/mg microsomal protein/15 min). Furthermore, when data were normalized for P-450 content, a 4-fold increase in R-134a metabolism was noted for IIE1-enriched microsome preparations. In contrast, phenobarbital and Aroclor 1254 decreased the specific activity of hepatic microsomes for this function. The microsomal content of P-450IIE1, as evaluated by Western blot, was elevated significantly only in microsomes from pyridine-treated rats. p-Nitrophenol and aniline, which are metabolized at high rates by rat P-450IIE1, decreased the rate of R-134a defluorination by hepatic microsomes; Dixon plot analysis indicated competitive inhibition with a Ki of 36 microM p-nitrophenol or 115 microM aniline. Pyridine also potently induced defluorination of R-134a catalyzed by rabbit liver microsomes. Studies with individual P-450 isozymes purified from rabbit liver showed that the phenobarbital- and polycyclic hydrocarbon-induced isozymes (IIB1 and IA2) defluorinated R-134a at negligible rates (1.9 and 0.4 nmol F-/nmol P-450/60 min, respectively). In contrast, P-450IIE1 catalyzed defluorination of R-134a at a relatively high rate (16.2 nmol F-/nmol P-450/60 min); isozyme IA1, which also is induced by nitrogen-containing heterocycles such as pyridine, was somewhat active (5.3 nmol F-/nmol P-450/60 min).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[1]


  1. Oxidation of 1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane in rat liver microsomes is catalyzed primarily by cytochrome P-450IIE1. Olson, M.J., Kim, S.G., Reidy, C.A., Johnson, J.T., Novak, R.F. Drug Metab. Dispos. (1991) [Pubmed]
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