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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

N-Acetylglucosaminyltransferase III Antagonizes the Effect of N-Acetylglucosaminyltransferase V on {alpha}3beta1 Integrin-mediated Cell Migration.

N-Acetylglucosaminyltransferase V (GnT-V) catalyzes the addition of beta1,6-GlcNAc branching of N-glycans, which contributes to metastasis. N-Acetylglucosaminyltransferase III (GnT-III) catalyzes the formation of a bisecting GlcNAc structure in N-glycans, resulting in the suppression of metastasis. It has long been hypothesized that the suppression of GnT-V product formation by the action of GnT-III would also exist in vivo, which will consequently lead to the inhibition of biological functions of GnT-V. To test this, we draw a comparison among MKN45 cells, which were transfected with GnT-III, GnT-V, or both, respectively. We found that alpha3beta1 integrin-mediated cell migration on laminin 5 was greatly enhanced in the case of GnT-V transfectant. This enhanced cell migration was significantly blocked after the introduction of GnT-III. Consistently, an increase in bisected GlcNAc but a decrease in beta1,6-GlcNAc-branched N-glycans on integrin alpha3 subunit was observed in the double transfectants of GnT-III and GnT-V. Conversely, GnT-III knockdown resulted in increased migration on laminin 5, concomitant with an increase in beta1,6-GlcNAc-branched N-glycans on the alpha3 subunit in CHP134 cells, a human neuroblastoma cell line. Therefore, in this study, the priority of GnT-III for the modification of the alpha3 subunit may be an explanation for why GnT-III inhibits GnT-V-induced cell migration. Taken together, our results demonstrate for the first time that GnT-III and GnT-V can competitively modify the same target glycoprotein and furthermore positively or negatively regulate its biological functions.[1]


  1. N-Acetylglucosaminyltransferase III Antagonizes the Effect of N-Acetylglucosaminyltransferase V on {alpha}3beta1 Integrin-mediated Cell Migration. Zhao, Y., Nakagawa, T., Itoh, S., Inamori, K., Isaji, T., Kariya, Y., Kondo, A., Miyoshi, E., Miyazaki, K., Kawasaki, N., Taniguchi, N., Gu, J. J. Biol. Chem. (2006) [Pubmed]
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