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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Non-viral delivery of nuclear factor-{kappa}B decoy ameliorates murine inflammatory bowel disease and restores tissue homeostasis.

BACKGROUND: Nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) is a key transcriptional regulator of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). AIM: To investigate the therapeutic potential of a locally administered "non-viral" nuclear factor-kappaB decoy (NFkappaBD) in multiple experimental models of IBD. METHODS: A fully phosphorothioated decoy oligonucleotide with improved stability that specifically binds NF-kappaB and blocks inflammatory mediators regulated by this transcription factor without the help of viral envelope-assisted delivery was developed. The therapeutic effects of NFkappaBD were studied in the trinitrobenzene sulphonic acid, oxazolone and dextran sodium sulphate induced colitis models. RESULTS: Intracolonic administration of NFkappaBD results in the delivery of NFkappaBD to inflammatory cells and a reduction of NF-kappaB heterodimers. In the T helper cell 1-driven trinitrobenzene sulphonic acid-induced colitis model, mice receiving NFkappaBD treatment exhibit a dose-dependent reduction in disease severity and a more rapid recovery to normal body weight, similar to a clinically relevant dose of budesonide. Clinical efficacy was corroborated by considerable reductions in colitis pathology and tissue levels of several pro-inflammatory markers, including tumour necrosis factor alpha, interleukin 6, interleukin 1beta and monocyte chemotactic protein 1. NFkappaBD also mitigates disease activity in the T helper cell 2-like oxazolone colitis and epithelial injury-related acute dextran sodium sulphate colitis models. Interestingly, restoration of tissue homeostasis is observed in NFkappaBD-treated animals with the rapid re-emergence of functional goblet cells and a return to normal patterns of cell proliferation in the mucosal epithelium and smooth muscle cell layers. CONCLUSIONS: These data support the potential use of "naked" NFkappaBD as a cross-functional therapeutic in IBD, and show for the first time that it can facilitate the restoration of colon homeostasis and function.[1]


  1. Non-viral delivery of nuclear factor-{kappa}B decoy ameliorates murine inflammatory bowel disease and restores tissue homeostasis. De Vry, C.G., Prasad, S., Komuves, L., Lorenzana, C., Parham, C., Le, T., Adda, S., Hoffman, J., Kahoud, N., Garlapati, R., Shyamsundar, R., Mai, K., Zhang, J., Muchamuel, T., Dajee, M., Schryver, B., McEvoy, L.M., Ehrhardt, R.O. Gut (2007) [Pubmed]
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