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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Preferential Involvement of Tim-3 in the Regulation of Hepatic CD8+ T Cells in Murine Acute Graft-versus-Host Disease.

Tim-3, a member of the T cell Ig mucin ( TIM) family regulates effector Th1 responses. We examined Tim-3 and its ligand expression as well as the effects of anti-Tim-3 mAb treatment in a murine model of acute graft-vs-host disease (aGVHD). In mice with aGVHD, Tim-3 expression was markedly up-regulated on splenic and hepatic CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells, dendritic cells (DCs), and macrophages, and this was especially dramatic in hepatic CD8(+) T cells. Both donor- and host-derived CD8(+) T cells induced similar levels of Tim-3. Tim-3 ligand expression was also up-regulated in splenic T cells, DCs, and macrophages, but not in the hepatic lymphocytes. The administration of anti-Tim-3 mAbs accelerated aGVHD, as demonstrated by body weight loss, reduction in total splenocyte number, and infiltration of lymphocytes in the liver. IFN-gamma expression by splenic and hepatic CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells was significantly augmented by anti-Tim-3 mAb treatment. In addition, the cytotoxicity against host alloantigen by donor CD8(+) T cells was enhanced. These results demonstrate that the anti-Tim-3 treatment in aGVHD augmented the activation of effector T cells expressing IFN-gamma or exerting cytotoxicity. Our results suggest that Tim-3 may play a crucial role in the regulation of CD8(+) T cells responsible for the maintenance of hepatic homeostasis and tolerance.[1]


  1. Preferential Involvement of Tim-3 in the Regulation of Hepatic CD8+ T Cells in Murine Acute Graft-versus-Host Disease. Oikawa, T., Kamimura, Y., Akiba, H., Yagita, H., Okumura, K., Takahashi, H., Zeniya, M., Tajiri, H., Azuma, M. J. Immunol. (2006) [Pubmed]
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