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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

In the presence of ferritin, visible light induces lipid peroxidation of the porcine photoreceptor outer segment.

We studied the synergistic effect of visible light and ferritin on the lipid peroxidation on a fraction of porcine photoreceptor outer segment (POS). Reaction mixtures containing the POS fraction and horse spleen ferritin were irradiated under white fluorescent light mainly at 17,000 lx or incubated under dark conditions at 37 degrees C. The lipid peroxidation was evaluated by both the thiobarbituric acid method and the ferrous oxidation/xylenol orange method. The irradiation-induced lipid peroxidation was affected by some experimental factors such as the irradiation dose and acidity of the material. When the irradiation was stopped, the lipid peroxidation was also stopped; thereafter, the re-irradiation induced lipid peroxidation. Moreover, this lipid peroxidation was inhibited by desferrioxamine, an iron chelator, or by dimethylthiourea, a hydroxyl radical scavenger, suggesting that the lipid peroxidation involves hydroxyl radicals generated via the Fenton reaction by iron ion released from ferritin. The lipid peroxidation did not take place under dark conditions or in the absence of ferritin. This study suggested the possibility that the visible light-induced lipid peroxidation of the POS fraction in the presence of ferritin may participate in the etiology of human retinal degenerative diseases as the human retina is exposed to light for life.[1]


  1. In the presence of ferritin, visible light induces lipid peroxidation of the porcine photoreceptor outer segment. Ohishi, K., Zhang, X.M., Moriwaki, S., Hiramitsu, T., Matsugo, S. Free Radic. Res. (2006) [Pubmed]
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