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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Partial cleavage mapping of the cytoskeletal protein vinculin. Antibody and talin binding sites.

Vinculin is a 1066-amino acid protein found at several types of actin-membrane junction. To locate sites of interest in the primary structure, a map was derived using partial cleavage reactions. Of several different types of cleavage tested, the most useful was the 5-5'-dithio-bis-(2-nitrobenzoic acid) ( DTNB) reaction which cuts at cysteine residues. About 30 well defined fragments were obtained from vinculin, and several methods were used to locate these products in the sequence. Comparison of the peptides generated from whole vinculin with those from the 90-kDa amino-terminal proteolytic fragment revealed which originated there. The use of [14C]cyanide in conjunction with DTNB showed which peptides contained the original amino terminus. Secondary cleavage with N-chlorosuccinimide, a tryptophan-specific reagent, helped locate fragments, although it led to apparent increases in molecular weight of the products. These experiments revealed the location of 10 of the major DTNB fragments on the sequence. This map was used to locate binding sites. The site of interaction between vinculin and the focal contact protein talin was mapped by binding labeled talin to the separated fragments. The binding site was found to be in the amino-terminal 325 amino acids. The binding site of a commercially obtained monoclonal antivinculin antibody was mapped using Western blotting of cleaved vinculin. It proved to bind in the central area of the molecule between amino acid residues 545 and 737. Thus the cysteine cleavage reaction products provide a map of general utility for locating features on the vinculin molecule.[1]


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