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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

HOXD3-overexpression increases integrin alphavbeta3 expression and deprives E-cadherin while it enhances cell motility in A549 cells.

We have previously shown that transduction of HOXD3, one of homeobox genes, into human lung cancer A549 cells enhances cell motility, invasion and metastasis. In the present study, we examined the roles of integrin beta3 which was up-regulated by HOXD3-overexpression in the HOXD3-induced motility of A549 cells. We first established integrin beta3-transfectants and compared their motile activity to those of the HOXD3-transfected, control-transfected and parental cells by three different assays. The integrin beta3-transfectants as well as the HOXD3-transfectants formed heterodimer with integrin alphav subunit, and showed highly motile activities assessed by haptotaxis or phagokinetic track assay compared to the control transfectants or parental cells. In vitro wound-healing assay revealed that migratory activities were graded as the HOXD3-transfectants > the integrin beta3-transfectants > the control transfectants or parental cells. E-cadherin was expressed in the integrin beta3-transfectants but not expressed in the HOXD3-transfectants. An addition of function-blocking antibody to E-cadherin into the wound-healing assay promoted the migratory activity of the integrin beta3-transfectants, suggesting that E-cadherin prevented the cells from dissociating from the wound edges. These results indicate that increased expression of integrin alphav beta3 and loss of E-cadherin by HOXD3-overexpression are responsible for the enhanced motility and dissociation.[1]

References

  1. HOXD3-overexpression increases integrin alphavbeta3 expression and deprives E-cadherin while it enhances cell motility in A549 cells. Ohta, H., Hamada, J., Tada, M., Aoyama, T., Furuuchi, K., Takahashi, Y., Totsuka, Y., Moriuchi, T. Clin. Exp. Metastasis (2006) [Pubmed]
 
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