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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Inducible expression of the proallergic cytokine thymic stromal lymphopoietin in airway epithelial cells is controlled by NFkappaB.

The epithelial-derived cytokine thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) is important for the initiation of allergic airway inflammation through a dendritic cell-mediated T helper 2 response. To identify the factors that control TSLP expression, we examined the ability of inflammatory mediators to regulate TSLP production in human airway epithelial cells. We found that both IL-1beta and TNF-alpha were capable of inducing rapid TSLP production in primary human bronchial airway epithelial cells. We further characterized the human TSLP gene promoter, using two human epithelial cell lines, 16HBEo(-) and A549, and showed that IL-1beta- and TNF-alpha- mediated human TSLP promoter activation in these cells was mediated by an upstream NFkappaB site. Mutation of this NFkappaB site abolished activation, as did overexpression of a dominant-negative version of IkappaB kinase (IKK)beta (a kinase acting on IkappaB, the inhibitor of NFkappaB). Interestingly, human TSLP mRNA levels were also increased after exposure to Toll-like receptor (TLR) 2, TLR8, and TLR9 ligands, further supporting an important role for NFkappaB in TSLP gene regulation. Similarly, analysis of the mouse TSLP gene promoter revealed the presence of a similarly situated NFkappaB site that was also critical for IL-1beta-inducible expression of mouse TSLP. Taken together, these results demonstrate that the inflammatory mediators IL-1beta and TNF-alpha regulate human TSLP gene expression in an NFkappaB-dependent manner.[1]


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