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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The protein-tyrosine kinase substrate, calpactin I heavy chain (p36), is part of the primer recognition protein complex that interacts with DNA polymerase alpha.

Primer recognition proteins ( PRP) stimulate the activity of DNA polymerase alpha on DNA substrates with long single-stranded template containing few primers. Purified PRP from HeLa cells and human placenta are composed of two subunits of 36,000 ( PRP 1) and 41,000 (PRP 2) daltons. By amino acid sequence homology, we have identified PRP 2 as the glycolytic enzyme 3-phosphoglycerate kinase. Here we present data that establishes PRP 1 to be the protein-tyrosine kinase substrate, calpactin I heavy chain. Amino acid sequence analysis of six tryptic peptides of PRP 1 followed by homology search in a protein sequence data base revealed 100% identity of all six peptides with the deduced amino acid sequence of human calpactin I heavy chain. The activities of PRP and calpactin I coelute on gel filtration columns, and a high correlation of PRP and calpactin I activities was seen at different stages of purification. A rabbit polyclonal anti-chicken calpactin I antibody was shown to cross-react with PRP 1 polypeptide at various stages of PRP purification, and the homogeneous preparation of PRP exhibits 3-phosphoglycerate kinase (PRP 2) and calpactin I ( PRP 1) activities. PRP activity is neutralized by a mouse monoclonal anti-calpactin II antibody although having no effect on the polymerase alpha activity itself. Calpactin II has a 50% amino acid sequence homology with calpactin I. However, PRP 1 is not calpactin II as shown by lack of cross-reaction to a monoclonal anti-calpactin II antibody on Western blots. Calpactin I and 3-phosphoglycerate kinase, purified independently, cannot be efficiently reconstituted into the PRP complex, indicating that their association in the PRP complex involves specific protein-protein interactions that remain to be elucidated. The biochemical and immunological data presented here revealing the identity of PRP 1 as calpactin I provide evidence for one physiological role of calpactin I in the cell.[1]


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