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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Pioglitazone reduces atherogenic outcomes in type 2 diabetic patients.

AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the anti-atherogenic outcomes of pioglitazone, a thiazolidinedione derivative, in type 2 diabetic patients. METHODS: Eight patients with poor diabetic control were treated with 15 mg of pioglitazone for 4 months. Blood samples were collected monthly, and the levels of fasting plasma glucose (FPG), HbA1c, and lipids, such as triglycerides, total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol, and high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol, were measured. Other parameters, including immunorecative insulin (IRI), remnant-like particle-cholesterol (RLP-C), adiponectin, plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1 (PAI-1), tumor necrosis factor (TNF)- alpha , leptin, brain natriuretic peptide (BNP), and high-sensitivity (hs)-C-reactive protein (CRP), were examined at the beginning and end of the study. In addition, clinically adverse side-effects were evaluated. RESULTS: Treatment with pioglitazone significantly decreased the levels of HbA1c, FPG, the homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) index, RLP-C, PAI-1, TNF- alpha , and hs-CRP, but not the level, IRI, lipids, or leptin. In contrast, adverse side-effects, including body weight gain, liver dysfunction and edema, were not observed during this study. CONCLUSION: These results strongly suggested that treatment with pioglitazone has a greater clinical benefit for the prevention of atherosclerosis, including coronary heart diseases, without any adverse side-effects.[1]


  1. Pioglitazone reduces atherogenic outcomes in type 2 diabetic patients. Igarashi, M., Hirata, A., Yamaguchi, H., Jimbu, Y., Tominaga, M. J. Atheroscler. Thromb. (2008) [Pubmed]
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