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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Comparative analysis of human and chicken transforming growth factor-beta 2 and -beta 3 promoters.

The promoters for chicken transforming growth factor-beta 2 ( TGF-beta 2) and TGF-beta 3 were cloned and sequenced to study the regulation of these genes. The promoters are GC-rich and lie within CpG islands. Several putative DNA regulatory sequence motifs were identified in the 5'-flanking regions, including matches to particular recognition sequences for several nuclear factors found in other genes. A comparison of chicken and human TGF-beta 2 promoters revealed a 111 bp conserved sequence surrounding the major transcription start site. Two regions of sequence homology were detected in the 5'-flanking regions of chicken and human TGF-beta 3 genes: an 86 bp sequence surrounding the major transcription start and a 156 bp sequence in the 5'-untranslated region. No DNA sequence homology was detected between TGF-beta 1, -beta 2 or -beta 3 promoters. The conserved region near the major transcription start sites in both the TGF-beta 2 and TGF-beta 3 genes, however, does show some structural homology; both promoters contain short conserved sequences that resemble TATA box, cyclic AMP-responsive element and AP-2 sequence motifs, cis-acting elements we believe may be important for promoter activity.[1]


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