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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Identification of kex2-related proteases in chromaffin granules by partial amino acid sequence analysis.

We have characterized glycoprotein H (GpH) from bovine adrenal medullary chromaffin granules. Two-dimensional gel electrophoresis was used to purify GpH from an insoluble fraction obtained following extraction of chromaffin granule membranes with lithium diiodosalicylate. The GpH material was recovered from two-dimensional gel spots by concentration and recovery on a one-dimensional gel followed by electro-blotting to a poly(vinylidene difluoride) membrane. This material was subjected to in situ tryptic digestion. The released peptides were purified by microbore high performance liquid chromatography and sequenced. The peptide sequences revealed extensive similarity to the mammalian kex2/subtilisin-related proteases (PC2 and PC3) which have been characterized recently by molecular cloning and sequence analysis (Smeekens, S. P., and Steiner, D. F. (1990) J. Biol. Chem. 265, 2997-3000; Smeekens, S. P., Avruch, A. S., LaMendola, J., Chan, S. J., and Steiner, D. F. (1991) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 88, 340-344). The sequence similarity included regions that contain residues equivalent to the aspartic acid and histidine residues which are involved in the active site of the subtilisin family of serine proteases. The sequence data revealed the presence of tryptic peptides derived from both PC2 and PC3. NH2-terminal sequence analysis of GpH gave two sequences which were aligned with residues 110-121 of PC2 and PC3. It is likely that these sequences represent the mature form of PC2 and PC3 in chromaffin granules. These forms would be generated by cleavage at a site which is conserved in mammalian kex2-related enzymes and which would result in the release of approximately 80-residue propeptides. It was concluded that the spot identified as GpH by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis contains the bovine counterparts of both PC2 and PC3. The direct identification of these components in chromaffin granules supports their role in the processing of protein precursors.[1]


  1. Identification of kex2-related proteases in chromaffin granules by partial amino acid sequence analysis. Christie, D.L., Batchelor, D.C., Palmer, D.J. J. Biol. Chem. (1991) [Pubmed]
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