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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Modulation of the tight binding of carboxyarabinitol 1,5-bisphosphate to the large subunit of ribulose 1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase.

The large subunit (L) of ribulose 1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase (rubisco) from Synechococcus PCC 6301 was expressed in Escherichia coli, purified as the octamer L8, and analyzed for its ability to tightly bind the transition state analog, 2-carboxyarabinitol 1,5-bisphosphate (CABP). [14C]CABP remained tightly bound to L8 after challenging with [12C]CABP and gel filtration, indicating that L8 alone without the small subunit (S) could tightly bind CABP. Binding of CABP to L8 induced a shift in the gel filtration profile due to apparent aggregation of L8. Aggregation did not occur with the L8S8-CABP complex nor with L8-CABP in the presence of 150 mM MgCl2. If ionic strength was increased with either KCl or MgCl2 during or after the binding of [14C]CABP to L8, [14C]CABP in the complex exchanged with [12C]CABP and was lost from the protein. Ionic strength strongly affected the rate constant (k4) for [14C]CABP dissociation from the L8-[14C]CABP complex, but had little effect on k4 for the L8S8-CABP complex. The differences in CABP binding characteristics between the L8-CABP and L8S8-CABP complexes demonstrate that S is intimately involved in maintaining the stability of the tight binding of CABP to the active site. These are the same interactions stabilizing the intermediate, 3-keto-2-carboxyarabinitol 1,5-bisphosphate, to native rubisco during CO2 fixation.[1]


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